HIV/AIDS in Guyana STI in Guyana Guyana’s New HIS Community Health in Guyana Contact Us
A consultation at the Chest Clinic with the NTP Director,
a nurse, and a Project Consultant
What is TB?
TB, or tuberculosis, is an airborne disease caused by the bacteria Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The bacteria can attack any part of the body, but usually affects the lungs. Once a leading cause of death in the "developed" world, TB is now more of a problem for the “developing” world, with 80% of incident cases occur in developing countries. Each year, 2 million people worldwide die from this curable disease.
TB in the world:
According to the WHO, someone in the world is newly infected with TB every second and, overall, one-third of the world’s population is currently infected with the TB bacillus. Five to 10% of people who are infected with TB (but not, at the same time, with HIV) become sick or infectious during their life. In 2004, an estimated 1.7 million people died from TB infections.
TB and HIV:
Together, TB and HIV form a lethal combination, each exacerbating the other’s effects, and speeding up the rate of progression. HIV weakens the immune system, thus someone who is HIV-positive and infected with TB is many times more likely to become sick with TB than someone infected with TB who is HIV-negative. TB is the leading cause of death among people who are HIV+, accounting for roughly 13% of AIDS deaths worldwide. According to the WHO, in 2000, of the 36.1 million people living with HIV/AIDS worldwide, about one-third were co-infected with TB.
· Incidence of TB = 41 per 100,000 (363,000 cases, 4% of the global total)
· Incidence of smear-positive TB: 18 per 100,000 (161,000 cases)
· Prevalence of TB = 53 per 100,000 (466,000 cases)
to estimations contained in the World TB Report 2005,
PHSGP has, as one of its main objectives, the implementation of a National Program for the prevention and control of TB. This includes strengthening laboratory capacity to support the diagnosis and treatment of TB, enhancing the capacity of the NTP to provide essential TB services in Regions 3, 4, 6 and 10, and implementing, evaluating, and reviewing both National TB Guidelines and the WHO-designed DOTS Strategy in the Project regions. To date, the Project has made several important gains in the area of TB:
Some Useful Tuberculosis Links:
1 Nicholas Street, Suite 1105
Canada K1N 7B7
Phone: (613) 241-5785 Fax: (613) 241-3845 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
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