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Health Development and Care in
A nurse demonstrating a Home-Based
Care training module
Community Health Development and Care:
The health of a population is not only based on the strength of its health care professionals and diagnostic capabilities – to a great extent, the health of a population is shaped by factors that exist outside of its health care system. Community health and its development require strong support networks and supportive social environments, education and a literate population, good working conditions, a stable physical environment and a strong culture, amongst other things. Together, these “Social Determinants of Health” are what shape the health of a population (for more on the Social Determinants of Health, see Raphael, 2003). The approach of the PHSGP to strengthening community health care employs a model of home-based care which draws heavily on this idea.
Why the Home-Based Care model?
Home-based care (HBC) is a response to the needs of the chronically ill, who may not be able to leave their homes due to illness. The HBC philosophy is based on several pillars: to begin with, individuals and families are responsible for their own health, and the role of the home-based care provider is to support services being provided by the family or volunteers. Dignity and human life are valued, which means individuals have rights that must be respected, and that people must be able to live and meet death with comfort and dignity. The home environment, which is familiar to individuals, enhances the ability of the chronically ill to cope with their illnesses. Access to comprehensive, compassionate family and community-centred health care is a right possessed by all, and home-based care is essential for regional community development and an integrated public health system. Home-based care assures quality research, education and program evaluation, along with accountability in its program delivery, and, lastly, volunteers are invaluable, as they extend and complement the services offered by health care professionals. These are the pillars upon which the PHSGP has built its home-based care strategy.
Home-Based Care in
Family caregivers are the first line of defense
hopes to develop and establish gender-sensitive home and palliative care in
• Development and dissemination of Nursing Guidelines for Care in the Home and Community for Home and Palliative Care
• 57 individuals from three Project regions have been trained as trainers who have, so far, taught more than 174 sessions on caring for HIV/AIDS and TB patients with a total of over 2600 participants
• Seven training modules have been finalized: Adult Education, Infection Control, TB, HIV/AIDS, Home-Based Care, Gender, and Palliative Care; all of the modules are being used in training sessions
• The project has been instrumental in assisting the MOH/NAPS with the design and implementation of the GFATM-funded HBC Strategy, and has trained the HBC coordinator, supervisors, and over 120 volunteers
• HBC trainers have taken part in a session on the differential impacts of HIV/AIDS on men and women, which should lead to more informed and effective counseling interventions
• The Project continues to assist in the development of educational materials and manuals, including the development and dissemination of a Supervisors’ Manual, and the training of HBC volunteers
• The Project supported the 1st National HBC Conference in Guyana, February 15th and 16th, 2007. Health professionals, Nursing Supervisors, local NGOS and volunteers participated in a 3-day National HBC strengthening retreat.
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